Pointed gourd Propagation - Rules for Planting pointed gourd Vines

If you want to know detailed information about pointed gourd propagation and rules for planting pointed gourd vine, you can read the article.
Fruiting problems in pointed gourd cultivation
In this article we are also discussing the after care of pointed gourd and water irrigation in pointed gourd land. Apart from this, several other important topics have been discussed in detail. If you want to know them, please read the entire article.

Pointed gourd is an excellent vegetable that is nutritious, easy to digest, diuretic, good for the heart and brain. Grows almost everywhere.

Pointed gourd breed

Desi: Cultivation can be done both in land and loft. Pointed gourd vines can be planted between Ashwin and Kartik.
Kajli: Dark green fruit, slightly curved in shape, with light stripes on the fruit. High yielding variety.
Fruits: Small round fruits, light in weight. yield is good.

Modern methods of paddy cultivation

There are some important steps to be followed to cultivate pointed gourd in modern methods. If these steps are successfully completed it is possible to get good yield in pointed gourd cultivation.
Land preparation
Elevated land with good drainage should be selected. Good drainage system should be kept in pointed gourd fields. A soil pH of 6.5-7.5 is best. Before cultivation, the soil should be loosened by deep plowing 2-3 times. 150 cm, wide seed beds should be made. 30 cm between two beds. There will be drains. 150 cm. Inter 45, Inter 45 cm. Diameter and 30 cm. Dig a deep hole. Rotten dung or compost should be applied in this pit at the rate of 10-12 tons/ha. Primary chemical fertilizers should be applied.
Fertilizer application
At the time of land preparation, rotted cow dung 10-12 tons/ha, urea 150 kg/ha, TSP 100 kg/ha and MOP 100 kg/ha should be mixed.
When the crop is 30 days old, 100 kg/ha urea and 50 kg/ha MOP should be applied.
Fertilizer quantity (per hole) per hectare
Dung manure or compost - 2.25-5 kg ​​per hectare.
Urea - 20 grams per hectare.
Super phosphate - 70 grams per hectare.
Murate of potash - 20 grams per hectare.
Total amount of fertilizer
Manure or compost - 15 tonnes per hectare.
Nitrogen - 40 kg per ha.
Phosphate - 50 kg per hectare.
Potash - 50 kg per hectare.

Propagation of Pointed gourd

Propagation is done by seeds, cuttings of vines and roots. When planting pointed gourd vines, vines of one-year-old deciduous trees should be collected. Male flowers and female flowers are on different plants. For this reason, 10 male plants should be planted for every 100 female plants to facilitate pollination while planting pointed gourd vines. 60 cm for one hectare of land. 9000 pieces of long vine will be needed. 50 kg of root pieces will be required.

Rules for planting pointed gourd vines

150 cm before planting pointed gourd vines. After 3-4 days of fertilizing the hole by making a hole in the heart, the vine should be planted. 7.5 cm per hole. 10 pieces of female vine should be planted in depth and 1 piece of male vine should be planted. Two vines should be planted in each hole in such a way that the two ends of the pieces are above the soil. 

Then the soil should be pressed. In this way, after planting 10 female vines, 1 male vine should be planted in the entire land.1-year thin roots should be placed in each hole at a fixed distance of 2-3. Then sprinkle a little water every 2-1 days with a little straw. When young leaves emerge from the roots, the straw should be removed.

Purification of pointed gourd vines

Before planting pointed gourd trees in the ground, tie knots to the vines and dissolve B-Tox in three grams per liter of water. Dip the vine knots in that solution for five minutes and drain the water.

Aftercare of pointed gourd

Before the pointed gourd creeper starts creeping, the land must be cleared of weeds and covered with straw. 90-120 cm. High loft should be built. In this case, the width of the loft should not exceed 150 cm.
Apply fertilizer
If the tree climbs on the land and the straw jumps, it becomes difficult to fertilize the tree root. For this, 20 grams of urea dissolved in every liter of water can be sprayed on the leaves of the plant. In Machar cultivation, urea should be applied as 10 grams directly in the soil for the first time six weeks after planting the vines and the same amount of urea should be applied as applied fertilizer after 10 weeks.

Irrigation of pointed gourd land

First irrigation should be given after 20 days and subsequent irrigation at 15-20 days intervals. Irrigation should be done by understanding the state of sap in the soil. Light irrigation every 3-4 days in summer helps the plant to grow well and flower and fruit properly. Care should be taken that water does not accumulate on the ground. Good drainage system should be kept to remove excess water.

Fruiting problems in pointed gourd cultivation

If the number of male plants is less, pollination of female flowers does not take place properly. In many cases the female flowers turn yellow. For this reason, early in the morning, the molecule should be collected from the newly blossomed male flower and applied well to the womb of the newly blossomed female flower.
Use of hormonal drugs
P-anofix 1 ml. Spraying the plant at the rate of 4.5 liters of water will increase the size of the fruit, hold the fruit longer and increase the yield.

Pointed gourd is a cash crop

At the end of winter, if the tree dries up, if it is irrigated with fertilizer mixed with the soil at the base of the tree, new leaves will come out in the middle of the season and bear fruit. If the tree is kept like this for more than three years, good results are not obtained.
Potential yield
First year yield is low. More yield is available from the following year. First year yield is 7-8 tonnes per hectare. Second year 15-20 tonnes per hectare. The first flowers appear in 140-156 days after planting. After flowering, it takes 7-10 days to produce young fruit. 3 to 5 kg of fruit per tree.

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